Monthly Archives

December 2018

International Law

Legal Translation – An Absolute Necessity in the Field of International Law

December 22, 2018

In relation to international law, lawyers often have to deal with legal documents from a variety of language sources. This involves translation of a legal document written in one language into another language.

In relation to international law, lawyers often have to deal with legal documents from a variety of language sources. This involves translation of a legal document written in one language into another language. This procedure is termed as legal translation. It includes any type of translation of texts within the discipline of law.

Since law is a subject that depends largely on the culture and social background of the community to which the law pertains, translation is not an easy function to execute. To become a competent legal translator, one needs to be not only adept at the law but also possess a sound knowledge of the culture and social background of the community in whose language the document needs to be translated.

Inaccuracies and mistakes in legal translation can lead to serious problems. Hence one needs to understand the importance and necessities of legal translation. Firms that specialize in providing legal translation services must understand the importance. Accordingly they should never underrate the necessity of selecting an efficient translator to accomplish such important tasks.

In tackling international legal issues, a lawyer has to deal with words, and the accuracy of a written legal document relies largely on word selection, syntax and good sentence structure. The lawyer must then depend on a translator to render the words he uses in a legal document into another language. Conversely, a lawyer in international practice will often need the services of a translator to render foreign documents into the lawyer’s native language.

The boom in international trade and the escalating number of international trading companies has contributed to an increased demand for corporate documentation translations. Among the numerous kinds of documents that the legal translator deals with on a daily basis, the translation of contracts is by far the most asked for. When dealing with these documents, it is vital that the translator be familiar with the local culture. He or she should also have the knowledge of the legal texts of the countries involved. Otherwise it would be nearly impossible for him or her to grasp the meaning of specific clauses typical to contract texts.

When confronted with international disputes involving different languages and legal systems, legal counsel and their clients cannot do without the services of translators. In such cases the translators have to be able to successfully bridge the divide of legal systems, as well as language and culture, in order to provide literate rather than literal translations.

Legal translation is often more tricky than other types of technical translation because of the system-bound nature of legal lingo. Unlike scientific or other technical terminology, each country has its own legal terminology (based on the particular legal system of that country), which will often be quite different even from the legal terminology of another country with the same language. To add to that when culture and language both differ, the translator has to be extremely careful during his job.

The human language is an immensely complicated medium of communication with numerous languages, regional, dialectical and technical variations. Hence the range of disparities that a legal translator has to take into account while translating poses a lot of difficulty. Translating a legal topic literally is often a hazardous process. Therefore, in-depth research of the area of law is essential to understand the concepts behind the legal terminologies. Only then one can deliver a proper translation of the idea and not merely the words.


Gay Lesbian Rights

Gay Rights and Job Discrimination in the Workplace

December 19, 2018

When discussing gay rights, many people get so gripped up in talk of gay marriage and gay adoption that they fail to recognize that in many states gays and lesbians do not have the same basic rights as heterosexual citizens. While most citizens assume that the government protects all of its citizens against discriminatory practices in the workplace, this apparently is not the case. In fact, there are many states in which it is absolutely legal to victimize gays and lesbians in the place of work.

Depending on where you stay, it is commonly against the law to fire or refuse to hire someone due to gender, age, race or religion. However, most states do not have laws to protect people with different sexual orientation. In fact, in more than half of the states in this country, it is still legal for an employer to fire one of their employees just on the basis that they discovered that the employee was homosexual.

Studies have shown that eighty-five percent of Americans are not in favor of job discrimination based on sexual preference. Furthermore, sixty-one percent are in favor of a federal law being passed that prohibits discrimination against gays in the workplace. And yet, only a few states have passed anti-discrimination laws.

The following states have been progressive enough to pass laws in order to look after gays and lesbians from discrimination in the workplace: California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.

Unfortunately, gays and lesbians who do not work in these states may go through serious consequences if they come out in the workplace. While many corporations and other organizations have come out with their own policies against workplace discrimination, there is no legal action that gays and lesbians can take if they are the victims of discrimination.

What does this mean for gays and lesbians? It means that gays and lesbians have got to handle the difficult decision of whether or not they can come out to their coworkers. Although this may not seem like such a big predicament, when you consider that many people spend eight or more hours a day in the office, five days a week, this is a huge amount of time to spend lying to the people around you about who you are. Also, a lot of jobs and careers insist on people to bring their significant others and family members to employer-sponsored events. In these cases, gays and lesbians would be unable to bring their life-partners or adopted children to work-related functions.

A lot of people think that it is ideal to wait for a slow change of policy over time, so that the gay rights movement will persuade employers and other corporations to create anti-discrimination policies on their own. However, this allows the government to turn a blind eye to what is very obviously a question of basic civil rights. Even if you aren’t a gay rights activist or someone who is politically active, it’s imperative to communicate with your senators and congressmen and ensure that they know that comparable rights for gays is an important issue.


Property Law

Tricky Property Laws – When Sales Cover the House, But Not the Shed

December 1, 2018

Foreclosure investing can be a canny way for you to buy property and make a tidy profit when reselling. It is also a great way to buy a home under market value. But keep in mind that although the property and home may be foreclosed, there may be external structures that are not covered by the foreclosure or owned by the lender.

Be Wary of Portable Property

When buying foreclosed property, it makes sense that you should own whatever is on it, but the law disagrees. Anything that can be easily removed from the property or not on a foundation is considered “portable.”

This means that mounted property, like a shed, can be easily removed and reclaimed by previous owners. Trailers also fall under this law. In many cases, the party claiming ownership can just easily come and get the object under question, but greedy lenders or owners may simply move to file a claim instead – and get some of your hard-earned money while you are at it!

Valuables and Personal Property

Previous owners may also leave valuable items that they may lay claim to in the future. Just because you find a classic Harley motorcycle in the garage does not mean it belongs to you. Selling it may get you in trouble in the future.

The best advice to follow is to store the items you find and get in touch with the lender or owner, as well as written notice. In many states you have the right to dispose of the item if the previous owner does not claim it within 30 days.

Tenants and Active Leases

Do your homework! Even foreclosed properties may have a tenant or active lease on them. In many cases, you may have to honor the lease, especially if the tenant has been paying rent. In this case, you may choose not to renew the lease when it expires.

Depending on state law, you can either renew the lease and assume the role of the landlord or provide them with an eviction notice once you assume control of the property. Keep in mind that some states are very friendly toward tenants that prevent eviction (especially since they have no legal obligation to pay the mortgage that holds the property in the first place). Others require longer eviction notices.

Inherited Problems

In the case of abandoned or foreclosed raw land or commercial properties, you need to carefully research what may have gone wrong. Be wary of deals that sound too good to be true. This can also be an issue with foreclosed homes or short sale properties.

A commercial property that has gone into foreclosure may have been the victim of a bad location or some other issue that made the property undesirable. The raw land you want may seem like a bargain, but the zoning issues it comes with can give you a big headache later on. Or it may be bordered by nationally protected forests or land that will give you problems later, especially if you want to develop.

Fixer Upper? Money Drainer

Before buying a foreclosed house labeled as a fixer upper, remember to inspect the property first. What may be advertised as a mild fixer upper can rapidly turn into a nightmare property and be a drain on present and future finances.